This superb old book is a thoughtful attempt to define the study of history and historiography. Nevertheless, 21st-century historians understand the pasts of more people more completely and more accurately than their predecessors did. Historians can say nothing about these persons or events that cannot be supported, or at least suggested, by some kind of documentary evidence. Historiography means, literally, the representation or the writing of history. Learn historiography with free interactive flashcards. History is the study of the human past as it is described in written documents left behind by humans. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Delivered to your inbox! Marxist historiography, that is, the writing of Marxist history in line with the given historiographical principles, is generally seen as a tool. Historiography is the study of historical writing. It springs from an outlook that is very new in human experience: the assumption that the study of history is a natural, inevitable human activity. the narrative presentation of history based on a critical examination, evaluation, … For the first time, the claim of historians to deal with the feelings as well as the thoughts of people in any part of the human past has been made good. Modern historians have determined the age of the Shroud of Turin, which purportedly bears the image of Jesus, through carbon-14 dating and have discredited the claim of Anna Anderson to be the grand duchess Anastasia, the daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, through DNA testing. History literally means investigation. Its claim to truth is based in part on the fact that all the persons or events it describes really existed or occurred at some time in the past. Instead, you are studying the changing interpretations of past events through historians' eyes. A historiography or historiographical essay is an examination of different ways in which historians have approached a particular topic. history based on the critical examination of sources, the selection of particulars from the authentic materials, and the synthesis of particulars into a narrative that will stand the test of critical methods; b : the principles, theory, and history of historical writing